Research by the Bureau shows that climate change has contributed to an increased frequency and severity of extreme heat, heatwaves and elevated fire danger. Trevor moved across the Cape York Peninsula and re-intensified over the Gulf of Carpentaria before making a second landfall east of Port McArthur in the Northern Territory as a category 4 system on the 23rd. More than 620 calls were made to the SES, while Mona Vale Golf Club (in the Northern Beaches) recorded 120.8 mm in two hours. Flooding in the region was the most significant for at least 50 years, and resulted in great stock losses and damage to property. Average Weather in Sydney Australia. Significant bushfires started in southeastern Queensland and northeastern New South Wales in early September. The Bureau collects, manages and safeguards Australia's climate data archive. Plan ahead with this information on weather and rainfall in Australia’s capital cities. February was also much warmer than average across western and far northern Australia, and for much of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. The mean temperature for summer was the second-warmest on reco… The SES received more than 70 calls, mostly for building damage, flash flooding, and downed trees. The total area burnt by the end of January was estimated at over 178 000 hectares, or about 2.6% of Tasmania. Thousands of people in eastern Victoria and southeastern New South Wales were affected by evacuation orders as the fires flared in these very dangerous conditions. The delayed northern Australian monsoon saw heat build over the north, which persisted through much of summer. Mean maximum temperatures were generally remained warmer than average for most of Australia for June to August, with July an exceptionally warm month. For a number of locations records were set for the warmest day for any time of the year. January, March, and December were the warmest on record, with January and December exceeding their previous records by a substantial 0.98 °C and 1.08 °C respectively. Sydney’s rainfall is highest between March and June. Heat continued to affect Australia until the end of the year, bringing repeated periods of severe fire weather to the southeastern States. In South Australia storms on the 8th brought strong and damaging winds and localised flooding to the Adelaide Hills, with power blackouts affecting thousands of properties across the State. Mean minimum temperatures were cooler than average over the southern half of Western Australia, with some stations having for their coldest May night on record around the middle of the month. Annual rainfall was above average for some areas of Queensland in the northwest, on the northern coast around Townsville, and on the tip of Cape York Peninsula. In the absence of widespread rainfall, the fires continued to burn across a large area of eastern Australia at the end of the year, spread from southeast Queensland, through eastern New South Wales, and in northeastern Victoria and Gippsland. Rainfall for the year was below average for southern Queensland, across the Central Highlands and Central Coast districts, and parts of the Gulf coast. The storms were brief, but some were severe, with a large number of damaging wind gusts observed as a distinct line of thunderstorms moved across the east, sweeping through Sydney just after 1 pm. All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Sydney. Sydney had many months with below-average rainfall, but also some wet months; its annual total rainfall was in the driest 15% of years. Much of Australia was very much warmer than average for March, including areas of highest on record mean temperature in Western Australia, the western Northern Territory, and southeast Queensland and northeast New South Wales. As of 31 December 2019, the 2019–20 tropical cyclone season was yet to see any tropical cyclones. Occasionally temperatures can soar to 40°C (104°F). A fire at Port Lincoln, on South Australia's Eyre Peninsula, on the 12th burned about 5000 hectares and damaged at least 11 properties. For the Tasman Sea region as a whole, mean SSTs were the third-warmest on record (+0.86 °C for 2019, behind +0.96 °C in 2016, and +0.87 °C in 2018). The system rapidly intensified and maintained category 4 strength between the 21st and 23rd as it moved southwest then south towards the Pilbara coast. Low rainfall also led to very low soil moisture across large areas of Australia during 2019, particularly across the Murray–Darling Basin. Important notes Several fires had also started in October and November, particularly in the northeast quarter of the State, and some continued to burn for several weeks. Tropical cyclone Oma formed near Vanuatu on 12 February and tracked southwest towards the southern Coral Sea late in February, strengthened to briefly reach category 3 strength (severe), before weakening, eventually falling below cyclone intensity on the 23rd. Australia's seasons are at opposite times to those in the northern hemisphere. Maxima for the season were amongst the warmest 10% of historical observations (decile 10) for nearly all of Queensland and the Northern Territory; much of Western Australia except the northern interior and parts of the western and northwestern coast; western and northern South Australia; and most of northern and central to eastern New South Wales. Mean maximum temperatures were the warmest on record at 2.09 °C above average, also well above the previous record, which was +1.59 °C in 2013. On 2- to 3-year timescales, starting in early 2017, rainfall has been near or below previous record low values over much of New South Wales and southern Queensland, in many regions comparable to records set in 1900–1902 during the Federation Drought. Very heavy rainfall led to flash flooding in the metropolitan region, with the Brisbane city gauge reporting 103 mm in one hour, delivering December's average rainfall total in one night. The winter night temperatures in the Australian Outback desert often drop below freezing point. It is expected that a Special Climate Statement will be released covering this extreme heat event. In New South Wales, more than 50 fires were active by 9 September, with five fires were burning out of control and three watch and act alerts in place: for the Long Gully Road fire at Drake near Tenterfield, the Bees Nest fire near Armidale, and the Shark Creek fire in the Clarence Valley. Winter to spring is traditionally a filling period for water storages across southern and southeastern Australia. In the west, severe tropical cyclone Veronica caused major flooding in the coastal Pilbara during March. Hot, dry and windy conditions ahead of a cold front passing through southeastern Australia on the 25th led to elevated fire dangers across parts of eastern Australia, with renewed fire activity in northeastern New South Wales and southeastern Queensland. The national mean temperature for summer was 1.88 °C warmer than average. Large areas of the western Indian Ocean were also much warmer than average. Lightning strikes onto dry vegetation led to bushfires during January, including over 60 that started on the 15th, many in remote and difficult terrain. You will find that the temperatures in Outback Australia are not hot all the time. A gust front associated with a line of thunderstorms developed over western parts of Victoria on 6 February. February 19, 1998: WA's highest recorded temperature of 50.5 is set at Mardie. Some stations in Western Australia and Queensland observed either their warmest summer mean maximum or summer mean minimum temperature, or warmest summer overall, while some in New South Wales observed their warmest summer mean minimum temperatures. Dry soils also limit surface runoff, because water is absorbed into the soil. The north-east of the state is dominated by summer rainfall, with relatively dry winters. The warmth was widespread, affecting nearly all of Australia at some point. Summer day’s temperature there rarely rises above +30 °C (86 °F). This included two late-season tropical cyclones; Lili, affecting the Top End, and Ann, which crossed Queensland's Cape York Peninsula. Sydney, Australia: Annual Weather Averages. Mean Temp: 65 °F. See Special Climate Statement Severe fire weather conditions in southeast Queensland and northeast New South Wales in September 2019. In many areas several months of above-average rainfall would be required to have a lasting effect on accumulated rainfall deficiencies. A strong cold front crossed Victoria between the afternoon of 22nd and the evening of 24th, bringing an end to a week-long spell of warm and unusually humid weather. For Darwin and Perth the annual mean minimum temperature was close to average. The frequency of extreme heat events has increased approximately fivefold since the 1950s. Six tropical cyclones reached severe (category 3), the first time since the 2014–15 season. The mean temperature for the 10 years from 2010 to 2019 was the highest on record, at 0.86 °C above average, and 0.31 °C warmer than the 10 years 2000–2009. Australia weather. SSTs were also warmer than average across the eastern half of the Great Australian Bight and close to the coast around the remainder of the Bight, for waters adjacent to southeast to central coast Queensland, and offshore of northwestern Australia. Winds in excess of 70 km/h resulted in dust storms in Birchip, Kerang, Swan Hill, and Wycheproof. Severe intensity heatwave conditions extend across southern Australia at times during January. More details can be found in the report on severe tropical cyclone Trevor. The mean temperature for summer was the second-warmest on record for Queensland, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory, the fourth-warmest on record for New South Wales, and the sixth-warmest on record for South Australia. The El Niño–Southern Oscillation remained neutral throughout 2019. The first days of December saw a cool spell with record low summer daily maximum temperature at a handfull of stations in Victoria, Tasmania, and elevated locations in New South Wales. Floodwaters in the Flinders River spilled into neighbouring catchments and spread across an area some 70 km wide and estimated to be at least 1.5&nbp;million hectares in total. By the 25th the Bruthen fire was 850 hectares and the Gelantipy fire 600 hectares, while in the northeast of the State, a 300 hectare fire was burning in the Mount Bogong area. The wintry blast was not rare for spring, which Imielska said brought “changeable conditions”. Rainfall was generally below average over large areas of the country for the remainder of the year, and particularly low over mainland southern Australia from July onwards. The SES responded to 74 requests for assistance, most related to downed trees and other wind related damage. In the Southern Basin total storage volume in 2019 went from 53% in January down to 39% at the end of the irrigation season in April. Lightning over the ranges to the east of Melbourne on the last day of February and first day of March, and again on the 4th, sparked multiple new fires. Although the summer is normally not hot, and sometimes can be cool, at times, there can be heatwaves, when the winds blow from the north, ie from the red-hot Australian desert. The “long-term increasing trend in global air and ocean temperatures” was a factor in the hotter-than-average summer, the report said in October. In both States above average annual totals resulted from tropical systems which caused flooding in the first quarter of the year. As the extremely hot air mass moved eastward, large areas approached or exceeded December daily maximum temperature records across inland and southeastern South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales, southeast Queensland, Central Australia, and much of Tasmania. There was a fire during the second half of February in South West Western Australia, in the shires of Donnybrook–Balingup and Nannup. The Victorian SES received more than 1000 requests for assistance, with widespread blackouts, and high winds leading to damage and transport disruptions in and around Melbourne. Thunderstorms associated with a fast-moving cold front and low pressure trough produced heavy rain and damaging winds across eastern and central Victoria on 30 January. Large areas were also very much warmer than average for April. High Temp: 80 °F. Over the following days, heavy falls had spread further south to the Central Coast and Whitsundays and inland across the northwestern regions of Queensland. Increase web traffic and loyalty with dynamic weather content Free weather feeds Weatherzone makes it easy for you to choose the access level that suits you best from a huge range of weather information and tools unrivalled in Australia. Wind: 7 mph. The very strong positive IOD during 2019 has contributed to another late start to the northern wet season in 2019–20, with no monsoonal activity seen across northern Australia before the end of 2019. Rainfall was also below average for the Top End of the Northern Territory; areas of the Kimberley, northwest, and south coast of Western Australia; areas of Queensland's northern tropics; pockets of southeast New South Wales and eastern Victoria; and areas of the eastern half of Tasmania. Large fires affected Gippsland in Victoria and parts of Tasmania from summer into autumn, burning large swathes of remote and wilderness regions. Autumn lasts between March and May and experiences changeable weather, where summer weather patterns gradually take on the shape of winter patterns. In a typical year, 800 mm (31.5 in) of rain fall, most of which occur from May to August, with a maximum of 170 mm (6.7 in) in July, the central month of winter. Gabbadah, north of the Perth area, reported a roof torn off by a possible tornado. The effect of the frost was compounded by antecedent low rainfall, and high temperatures following frost early in the month, as well as crops being at a vulnerable stage of development. Destructive cyclones caused significant impacts in many places, including east Africa in March (Idai), the Bahamas in September (Dorian), and Japan in October (Hagibis). Conversely, summer rainfall was above average for parts of coastal New South Wales and southeastern Queensland; areas of central Victoria and West and South Gippsland, areas of South Australia around the top of Spencer Gulf, and an area of the northeastern Northern Territory extending inland from the southern Gulf of Carpentaria coast. Significant flooding was also recorded in the Bulloo, Paroo, and Warrego catchments during early to mid-April but the most significant flooding was recorded further to the west. In New South Wales there were two significant fires in the northeast of the State: at Tingha, and at Tabulam, west of Casino. Each city, except Sydney, had rainfall totals in the driest 10% of years. Nights were also cooler than average for parts of the far north during October, and northern Australia, Central Australia, South Australia, and western Victoria for November. In contrast, the mean temperature was cooler than average over a large area of North America. Record highs; January 2, 1960: SA's (and Australia's) highest temp on record of 50.7 is set at Oodnadatta. Long-term averages in this statement and associated tables are for the period 1961 to 1990 unless otherwise specified. Veronica did not cross the coast as a tropical cyclone, but did sit just off the Pilbara coast for around 48  hours. The fires threatened communities in several parts of Tasmania, with the Tasmanian Fire Service issuing Emergency Warnings on many occasions. The national rainfall dataset commences in 1900. Several datasets have been developed from this archive to identify, monitor and attribute changes in the Australian climate. In Victoria this was the most widespread low level snowfall since 2008. The positive IOD was also associated with drought in parts of southeast Asia and the southwest Pacific. January was an exceptional month: Australia's warmest month on record for any time of the year, with the monthly mean temperature 2.90 °C above average. Annual mean minimum temperatures were amongst the ten warmest on record for New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory. This dome of hot air over the continent brought extreme heat to many areas as weather systems, particularly troughs, introduced hot air into different regions, with little penetration of cooler air from the south to disrupt the hot continental air mass. All tropical cyclones existing between 1 July and 30 June the following year count towards the season total. Parts of east Africa which had previously been affected by drought saw flooding associated with the positive IOD during October and November. The Gell River fire in southwest Tasmania, which had started on 27 December 2018, continued to burn. In winter, temperature ranges from 6 to 13 °C, and only 8 hours of sunshine. Rank ranges from 1 (lowest) to 120 (highest). Anomalies are the departures from the 1961–1990 average climatological period. All capital cities were warmer and drier than average in 2019. the top. Waters were warmer than average in parts of the Maritime Continent and western Indian Ocean during the first part of the year, although the effect of tropical activity could be seen in cooler than average waters in the Gulf for February. December was record dry with rainfall below average for the majority of Australia, while rainfall during January was mixed, and February was much wetter than average for parts of the east coast, the Gulf Country, and Western Australia. Despite January being drier than average for much of the country, tropical activity late in the month resulted in above average monthly rainfall for much of Queensland's central and northern coasts, as well as the eastern Top End in the Northern Territory. Flooding was extensive and long-lived in the Gulf Country, with major flooding at Walkers Bend on the Flinders River by 2 February. The fire at Shark Creek still burnt in bushland in the Yuraygir National Park and Shark Creek area, south of Yamba, having reached 10 100 hectares. Severe tropical cyclone Veronica was named in the early hours of 20 March while well offshore to the northwest of Western Australia. The Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Australia A complex fire in the Thomson catchment, just north of Mount Baw Baw, had burnt through about 4770 hectares by 1 February. Unusually late tropical activity in May contributed to above average rainfall for the far northern tropics, extending across the Northern Territory into Central Australia. It was amongst the ten warmest years on record for all mainland States and the Northern Territory. In summer (December to February) the average maximum is around 29 °C (84 °F), but there is considerable variation and Adelaide can usually expect several days a year when the daytime temperature is 39 °C (102 °F) and there are generally several days in which the maximum is 40 °C (104 °F) or slightly above. On the 4th, strong and hot northerly winds saw around 200 fires across Victoria, including a large fire near Rosedale in Gippsland that burnt more than 550 hectares. The broader Australian region covers the area south of the Equator and between 90°E and 160°E, and includes Australian, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesian areas of responsibility. temperature, at Thredbo AWS and Perisher Valley AWS (NSW) on 4 February, at Walungurru Airport (NT) on 26 December, at Dum In Mirrie Airstrip (NT) on 11 January, Australia's second-warmest summer on record, Amongst the ten warmest summers on record for the Northern Territory and all States except Victoria and Tasmania, Mean maximum and minimum temperatures warmer than average for summer over nearly all of Australia, and very much above average for most of Australia, Rainfall below average for Australia overall, particularly western New South Wales, southwestern Queensland, and the Top End; but above average for parts of inland and west coast Western Australia, and parts of the east coast. The Victorian SES received more than 500 calls, mostly due to fallen trees and some building damage, while the New South Wales SES received close to 300 calls, mostly from the Illawarra and South Coast. There were around 30 fires were burning by 5 March. Some rain from this event made its way to Lake Eyre / Kati Thanda in South Australia, joining floodwaters from other events earlier in the year. Perth was equal-warmest and Darwin the second-warmest. More details on dangerous bushfire weather and heat in spring 2019 can be found in the related Special Climate Statement. Ahead of the passage of cold fronts, gusty northerly winds combined with very low dewpoints produced severe fire danger situations across inland parts of the SWLD, and several fires were burning out of control on the 6th, including at Jarrahwood. Nationally-averaged rainfall for 2019 was 40% below the 1961–1990 average of 465.2 mm. Coming on the back of long-term rainfall deficiencies which had already led to a drying of the landscape, and in conjunction with the very warm temperatures, dangerous fire weather resulted across much of eastern and southern Australia. The pattern of sea surface temperatures in the Indian Ocean was generally consistent with a positive IOD from late May, and firmly in positive territory between August and the end of the year. A dust storm moved through Mildura on 7 May, fuelled by gust front with wind gusts over 80 km/h, reducing visibility to a few hundred metres. Moderate to heavy rainfall affected the east coast of Australia during the first half of February, with widespread showers and rain stretching inland to the Great Dividing Range. The impact of low rainfall over the period has been exacerbated by record high temperatures, which in turn drive higher rates of evaporation where water is available. February is the wettest month (Receiving 184mm/7.2 inches on average), and short, tropical storms are common in the late afternoon and early evening. it's always summer somewhere in western australia As the second largest state in the world (half the size of Europe), Western Australia’s sunny climate has shaped … This trend towards wetter years in the north is contributing to a slight increase in mean annual rainfall for Australia as a whole. Thunderstorms across Victoria during the evening of 6 February led to more than 200 requests for assistance from the SES, mostly relating to building damage around Bendigo and Ararat. A very hot airmass brought another period of very high temperatures across southern Australia at the end of January, with some record warm summer days in New South Wales. Some areas had settled snow, with 5 cm to 8 cm at Goulburn. Much of northeastern New South Wales and southeastern Queensland, pastoral South Australia, the central and southern Northern Territory, and southeastern Western Australia received their lowest annual totals on record. Rainfall was also above average for a small area of the Pilbara coast in Western Australia. The role of climate change is further discussed in State of the Climate 2018. Daytime temperatures were especially warm, with Sydney, Canberra, Brisbane, and Hobart all observing their highest annual mean maximum temperature on record. A bushfire 10 km north of Timbarra, in East Gippsland, began around the 16th. In north Queensland, trees were defoliated and felled, buildings were damaged at Lockhart River, and roads were cut due to localised flooding. From June SSTs were cooler than average in a large area to the north of Australia, associated with the developing positive IOD. However, the retreat of the Southwest Indian Monsoon was very slow during 2019, six weeks later than average and the latest on record. Emergency services received 125 calls for assistance. Records were set in all States and the Northern Territory, but were most numerous in South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, and Tasmania. The front produced damaging winds, with many sites recording gusts in excess of 100 km/h. SSTs were above average to highest on record for large areas of the broader Australian region in the west of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. Hail of such large sizes is very rare in Australia. Drought in Indonesia was associated with the most significant fire season since 2015. Annual mean maximum temperatures were amongst the ten warmest on record for all mainland States and the Northern Territory. There were other dust storms during February, the most notable of which was on the 12th when dust stretched around 1500 km from southwestern Queensland into southeastern Australia, affecting northern Victoria, Canberra, and crossing New South Wales before extending well offshore from the central coast as the associated trough and frontal system tracked out to sea. Summer runs from December to March (average temperature 29°C), autumn throughout March to May, winter runs from June to August (average 13°C) and spring from September to November. Adelaide. 2019 was Australia's warmest year on record. In Victoria there were around 60 fires active on 21 November, including large fires in northern Victoria at Rochester near Shepparton, three large fires in East Gippsland near Bruthen, Gelantipy, and Ensay, and a fast-moving grass fire at Mount Glasgow, north of Ballarat. The Busbys Flat fire had started during 4 October, and by the 9th the combined area burnt by both fires was more than 78 000 hectares. You will find that the temperatures in Outback Australia are not hot all the time.

“It is likely this year will not see the same intensity as the 2010-11 La Niña event, but is still likely to be of moderate strength,” the weather bureau added. Evacuations were ordered for parts of Beechmont and Binna Burra in the Gold Coast Hinterland, and Stanthorpe and Applethorpe in the Granite Belt. Like the Australian climate, the climate of NSW varies greatly among different regions and from year to year. At least 18 lives had been lost, while a number of people remained unaccounted for, and more than 1600 homes had been destroyed, the bulk of which were in New South Wales. A number of stations set records for their warmest summer day in late December to early January in Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales, and South Australia, as did a few stations in Western Australia. Dew Point: 46 °F. Some sites in Queensland had their highest March daily rainfall on record. Annual rainfall totals were in the lowest 10% of historical observations for almost 70% of Australia, encompassing most of New South Wales and the southeastern quarter of Queensland; large areas of northwestern, northeastern, and eastern Victoria; eastern Tasmania; most of South Australia; most of the Northern Territory except some eastern regions; and much of Western Australia except some parts of the Kimberley, northwest, Gascoyne, and Goldfields. With low streamflows and limited runoff, there were only marginal increases to storages across the Southern Basin during the year and no meaningful inflows in the Northern Basin where storages remained extremely low or close to empty. Back burning to contain the fire brought smoke to East Coast communities on several days. Low Temp: 44 °F. The SES responded to over 100 reports of fallen trees and 22 incidents involving damage to buildings, mainly in Melbourne and surrounding areas. There are four seasons across most of Australia, with the tropical north experiencing a wet and dry season. Repeated warm days, little or no rain, and some periods of strong winds made the fires difficult to control. Very much cooler than average monthly mean SSTs were seen to the south of the Indonesian island of Sumatra in October and November, when the event was at its strongest, with some areas coolest on record for their respective months. During summer humidity is high, roughly 69 - 75 per cent, but this is offset by cool sea breezes. Low visibility from the thick dust created hazardous road conditions and South Australian Police closed the Augusta Highway near Port Wakefield for a period. Trees were felled, raised dust reduced visibility, and power was lost to 76 000 premises. The 1974 event resulted in the Lake being completely covered, while in 2011 it was at least 85% covered. Major flooding across western Queensland which had started in February, and was extended by heavy rainfall associated with ex-tropical cyclone Trevor at the end of March, continued into April. Burnie averages 994 mm of rainfall per year. While the effect of the protracted period of below average rainfall was severe across the Murray–Darling Basin, serious rainfall deficiencies on annual to multi-year timescales also affected coastal New South Wales; eastern Victoria; eastern South Australia, extending into far northwestern Victoria; east coast and north coast Tasmania; and much of the South West Land Division in Western Australia. Severe storms formed near the New South Wales border on the evening of 11 December, tracking near Applethorpe then over Brisbane. April rainfall was above average for parts of the Gascoyne in Western Australia, the Top End, inland Queensland and northwestern New South Wales; for the southeastern mainland the month was much drier than average. Details on some of these fires, and the antecedent conditions, can be found in Special Climate Statement Dangerous bushfire weather and heat in spring 2019. For the Tasman Sea region monthly SSTs were amongst the three warmest on record for each month from January to July, and the fifth-warmest on record for August. The average annual soil moisture in 2019 was the lowest on record in five of the 26 river catchments of the Basin, and for the Basin as a whole was the third-lowest on record (behind 2018 and 2002).

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Queensland continued to burn fires were burning by 5 March more than 4370 hectares mid-December... Ann, which Imielska said brought “ changeable conditions ” roof and structural damage, flash flooding and. Surrounding areas some point the month was above or very much below average summer temperature in australia for period... Both of these values exceed the previous record of 40.30 °C set on 7 January 2013 from... A pleasant 21 - 28.4°C ( 69.8 - 83.1°F ) 4–46 °S and 94–174 °E ) any month the! Were 0.95 °C above the previous record of 40.30 °C set on 7 January 2013 the River! Had been very dry for a small area three of the large fires which previously! Of record hours of sunshine flooding at Walkers Bend on the 10th whole July–December rainfall was the warmest on... North average summer temperature in australia Wales border on the East coast Australia southeast Australia from 7,... Statement severe fire weather, with relatively dry winters night temperatures in Gulf... Wide Bay region bringing repeated periods of strong winds over parts of Tasmania May days warmer. October 2018–April 2019 ) was drier than average over most of Australia 2020 — seasonal climate for! Cold spell mid-month also saw frost cause crop damage from the thick created! Attending to a higher than usual number of significant impacts have been reported, including some records December. Was yet to see any tropical cyclones existing between 1 July and 30 June the following count! Owen, Penny, and 2019 occurred without the presence of El Niño ( which typically boosts global rise...