There are a few minor surprises in the data, from an American Nations point of view. Woodward has studied American voting patterns, demographics and public opinion polls going back to the days of the first settlers, and… Spanish translation: ¿Realmente Norteamérica consta de 11 naciones escondidas a plena vista? Within Greater Appalachia are parts of Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia, Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Indiana, Illinois, and Texas. If you have any ancestors who were living in North America prior to the Civil War, the existence of these rival nations is likely reflected in parts of your family tree and, according to a recent study published in Nature Communications, may very well have left a mark on your DNA. Ball told me that in the three years since this study began, the network of researchable samples has grown from 770,000 to nearly 2 million. Because most of the participants had also created genealogies on the company’s websites, the researchers were then able to cross-reference their clusters with the actual birthplaces of each individual’s ancestors, going back several — sometimes 10 or more — generations. Alaska had just 748 samples with corresponding genealogies. Three other nations are plotted but are shown to have two distinct clusters: New France (divided, not surprisingly, between settlers with origins in Quebec and settlers with origins in Acadia); El Norte (where, again unsurprisingly, the 17th-century Nuevomexicanos are distinguished from the 18th- and 19th-century “Northeast Mexico” wave); and Greater Appalachia, where the Appalachian Mountains split settlers into a northern and southern tier — what the Ancestry team terms “Upland South” and “Lower Midwest and Appalachians.” Significantly, the original home turfs of two smaller nations the study didn’t track — New Netherland and Tidewater — are blank on the map, indicating reproductive isolation from the larger cultures they did map here. The map that shows how the U.S. was divided into separate cultures as settlers spread West. More Rise of Nations Fixes. The territory of the First Nations is huge, but its population is under 300,000, with most people living in the Northern reaches of Canada. “Our hypothesis was that where I live today is not going to tell us a lot about my genetics, but where my ancestors were living 200 or 300 years ago, that will tell us something,” says Ball. Their top-level map reveals that almost all major reproductive clusters correspond almost exactly to American Nations boundaries, including those mirroring Yankeedom (which the researchers term “Northeast and Utah”), Midlands (“Pennsylvania”), and Deep South (“Lower South”). The book shows that the Deep South’s cultural and sociopolitical origins tie back to the English slave state of Barbados. This nation offered a version of classical Republicanism modeled on the slave states of the ancient world, where democracy was the privilege of the few and enslavement the natural lot of the many. Take a look. So I'm currently reading the excellent "American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Culture Of North America" by Colin Woodard. 8. The genetic clusters often corresponded with geographic clusters as researchers went back in time several generations, revealing the reproductive geography of the given cluster. (Utahns are slightly overrepresented because the database started its life at Brigham Young University, and its students provided many of the initial samples.) Map Info & Chart : The 11 nations of North America with entirely different cultures map The 11 nations of North America with entirely different cultures map By dnadosanddonts At infographic.tv we provide handpicked collection of the But, it goes deeper than how you pronounce “ruin” and “grocery” or whether you call toilet-papering a house “TPing” or “rolling” a house. Close. The book describes how Scandinavian immigrants were attracted to the Yankee frontier — and embraced by the region’s cultural elites — partly because of shared cultural traits. Hulu Plus: Go to www.huluplus.com/cracked for a free two week trial. The researchers, who included computational experts from the University of Michigan and Carnegie Mellon and an African-American history expert at Harvard, also traced reproductive clusters in the lowlands of Alabama and Mississippi back to their colonial-era origins on the coast of South Carolina, just as American Nations would have predicted, as this is where the Deep South spread from. (In fact, it follows my Deep South borders with eerie precision, including those that split Arkansas in half and divide the area around Memphis from the rest of (Appalachian) Tennessee.) These lasting characteristics, which inform the dominant culture of entire regions of North America, are passed down culturally, not genetically, which explains why the Dutch-settled area around New York City still has obvious and distinct characteristics inherited from Golden Age Amsterdam, even though the portion of people there reporting Dutch ancestry to census takers is a vanishingly small 0.2 percent. A glance at the thumbnail illustration that accompanied the study made it clear why: Unbeknownst to the scientists who’d written the paper, the map depicting the key results of their research on the patterns of genetic variation in North America over time and space mirrored the American Nations map to an uncanny degree. It’s likely also the reason the maps crop out much of Alaska and Canada: There’s not enough data to generate meaningful clusters. The maps you see above — and dozens of others in the Nature Communications article and its supplementary materials — generally show ancestral birthplace location clusters for people born between the 1640s and the late 1880s — a period that captures significant immigration waves but focuses on a time before North Americans became highly mobile. “The only criteria for inclusion into this network was that you spit into a tube, gave me your DNA, and consented to be part of research,” notes Ball. Is North America, and the United States itself, composed of eleven nations “hidden in plain sight”? According to Woodard, Yankeedom and the Deep South exert the most influence among these 11 nations and are constantly competing with each other for the hearts and minds of the other nations. Almost all of those people were Americans; the company is based in San Francisco and Utah and devoted most of its marketing dollars to the mail-in Ancestry DNA genetics kits in the United States. Rise of Nations: Gold Edition v3.2.12.0800 ENG No-DVD Rise of Nations: Gold Edition v3.2.12.0800 ENG Rise Of Nations v1.03 ITA Rise Of Nations v1.04 ITA Rise Of Nations v1.04 ENG Rise Of Nations v1.03 ENG Rise of Nations v1.2 Rise of Nations v1.1 ENG Rise of Nations … It has been a long-running debate on exactly where the different regions of the United States start and end. To address the issue, author Colin Woodward made a map showing that the United States can be divided into 11 distinct sub-nations. Woodard mapped out the regions in his 2012 book " American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America… Although there’s no doubt that south-central Pennsylvania was the original center of Greater Appalachian settlement, neither of Ancestry’s Appalachian reproductive clusters include it. The 11 nations of North America Colin Woodward and Tufts/Brian Stauffer Author and journalist Colin Woodard identified 11 distinct cultures that have historically divided the US. The Cracked Podcast #34 May 19, 2014. May 19, 2014. Reid Wilson in GovBeat at the Washington Post asks Which of the 11 American nations do you live in? For hundreds of years, this nation has been known as the United States of America. Woodward has studied American voting patterns, demographics and public opinion polls going back to the days of the first settlers, and says that his research shows America is really made up of 11 different nations. Rather, they worked with a database of the DNA of 770,000 people worldwide who asked the company (or its predecessors) to sequence their genes and gave permission to use it for scientific research. The map on the cover jacket breaks up the 11 regional "nations" and is not unlike a reflection of how the different areas vote. But it doesn’t extend into Tidewater, save for parts of eastern North Carolina, suggesting less commerce in slaves between the regions than I would have expected. by Alisa Cromer. Harry’s: Go to www.harrys.com and use offer code CRACKED to save $5 off your first purchase of razors. Curious? The America we want. Author Topic: The 11 nations of North America (Read 2977 times) viper37. The Ancestry team, led by Eunjung Han, built their map without reference to culture, geography, or history. Ball wasn’t familiar with American Nations before I spoke with her, but the results show that the boundaries of the regional cultures were very real when it came to human reproduction, creating reproductive clusters centuries ago that geneticists have been able to recreate through the examination of nearly a million living Americans’ DNA. Louisville, Kentucky, is located in Woodward’s Greater Appalachia. Conversely, the cluster of people with roots in the Spanish Caribbean avoided the Deep South entirely, settling in the Midlands and New Netherland instead, despite the greater physical and environmental differences at play. While our nation’s leaders may have little incentive to promote unity and harmony, they are not the only ones with power. He proposes that there are 11 rival nations, rather than simple divisions between two main political parties, and that these nations have been at odds with each other from their foundings. According to award-winning journalist and historian Colin Woodard, North America is made up of eleven distinct nations, each with its own unique historical roots. Culture is learned, not inherited. Posted by. Description: Rise of Nations is a real-time strategy game which covers a long period of time, from the early stone age up to the modern-day technology. That America is divided is a statement few would argue with. Journalist Colin … The Nine Nations of North America is a 1981 book by Joel Garreau, in which the author suggests that North America can be divided into nine nations, which have distinctive economic and cultural features. For some ancestral lines — like those from places where older birth records were destroyed in wars or those from countries or cultures that didn’t keep them in written form at all — finding corresponding genealogical information will likely remain a challenge. Cracked.com, celebrating 50 years of humor. Flickr / … Whether the land you live on was conquered by Spain (Florida), France (Louisiana), stuffy British slave lords (the South) or Braveheart (Appalachia) determines how you view the government, law and so much more. The 11 Nations of America?, Episode #34 of The Cracked Podcast on Earwolf. Calm Down, An Unconventional Answer to our Tribalism: More Speech Chambers, The Free Speech Project at Georgetown University, Making the Case For a Warren/Abrams Ticket, Biden vs. Trump: The Race for the Latino Vote in 2020. From Han, E. et al.Clustering of 770,000 genomes reveals post-colonial population structure of North america.Nature Communications 8 (2017). Perhaps Native Americans feel less uncertain about where their ancestors came from. Crack cocaine was popularized because of its affordability, its immediate euphoric effect, and its high profitability. It's excellent so far, and I was wondering if anyone around here was familiar with it. Yep. But Ancestry’s database is growing by hundreds of thousands each year, holding the promise of more detailed migration analysis in the future. How we are divided is the thread Woodard takes up. Author Colin Woodard says it's better to think of the U.S. as 11 distinct nations instead of 50 states. In the years before the plague turned America into The Stand, a sailor named Giovanni da Verrazzano sailed up the East Coast and described it as "densely populated" and so "smoky with Indian bonfires" that you could smell them burning hundreds of miles out at sea. Their existence explains much about our history, our constitutional arrangements, and, indeed, our political fissures — past and present. Foam Corner Forever. (An important point: It’s almost impossible for descendants of enslaved people to track their ancestor’s genealogies, which is why the Ancestry data for this cluster sadly doesn’t track back to the African continent.) Here's Woodard's map of the "11 Nations." “Who your mates would be was linked to geography, politics, religion, war, and all of that is showing today in people walking on the streets and who they are related to.”. Clustering of 770,000 genomes reveals post-colonial population structure of North america, Let’s Topple Notions of National Supremacy, Behind the Scenes — Hurricane Recovery in Puerto Rico, Worried About Socialism Coming to America? Throw on your headphones and click play above. Understanding the point of view/world view of people of the various "nations" of North America has helped me to be a bit less reactive in my responses as decisions get made that I think are bonkers. And the information for the regional culture I call First Nation — which, in my work, includes large parts of Alaska and most of the Canadian North — is extremely thin: Only 451 samples in the study were estimated to be overwhelmingly Native American, and most of those were from the Mexican clusters. This is remarkable because the American Nations paradigm is resolutely not about genetics or genealogy. That’s because members of a regional culture tended to mate with one another, rather than with people from rival areas, even when those rivals lived nearby, in the very same colony or state. Woodard's defined nations range from the "Deep South" to the "Midlands" and "El Norte." On today's podcast Cracked editors Jack O'Brien, Kristi Harrison and Jason Pargin discuss America's crazy regional differences, and talk with Colin Woodard (author of 'American Nations') about his claim that the fifty American states are actually eleven distinct nations. Planet Labs Inc. captured before and after satellite photos on July 4 and 6 that show a rupture in the Earth's surface near the epicenter of Friday's 7.1 magnitude quake, which was 11 … Where you live in the United States determines a hell of a lot more than whether “coke” means Coca-Cola or “every single carbonated beverage.” It can also mean the difference between sauce on your pizza or nothing, the difference between honor killings or, uh, not honor killings, the difference between a time machine and an … ATM? On today’s podcast Cracked editors Jack O’Brien, Kristi Harrison and Jason Pargin discuss America’s crazy regional differences, and talk with Colin Woodard (author of ‘American Nations’) about his claim that the fifty American states are actually eleven distinct nations. Earlier this summer, I presented the American Nations: the eleven regional cultures that comprise the United States and North America. The genetics researchers identified an African-American cluster encompassing the Deep South and former British possessions in the Caribbean (including the Bahamas, Barbados, Jamaica, the Leeward Islands, St. Lucia, and Grenada), but not Spanish Caribbean possessions (like Cuba, Puerto Rico, or the Dominican Republic). Ancestry’s research confirms their clustering in the Yankee portions (and only the Yankee portions) of northern Iowa and the easternmost Dakotas. It may be that we aren’t all even living in the same nation. Archived. It is the product of a simplistic mind who appears to know nothing about America. Also, because 96 percent of the DNA samples come from people born in the United States, the research was largely blind to reproductive clusters that were exported from the United States, like the post-Revolutionary migration of Midlanders to what is now southern Ontario, or of New England Yankees to parts of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (confined to a few dots on the researchers’ map). The ancestors of their Quebecois and Acadian cluster members were both found to be concentrated along the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel coasts of France, with few linking back to Paris, the south, or west, corresponding with historical research. But for others, reconstructing migration and settlement patterns is slated to become easier than ever. He speaks with Tell Me More about how those nations came about, and why they play a … Via computers, the researchers built a network showing genetic connections between all the people in the database, searching for and isolating clusters — constellations, if you will — of more closely related people. Stream Cracked The Code To " African Americans" Tribal Heritage in America, Ancient Maraka 11 - 11 - 10 by A Viewpoint of a Native Man from desktop or your mobile device (Somewhere in the Ancestry data, there’s presumably another less-robust cluster centered on the Chesapeake that corresponds to Tidewater African-Americans, but it didn’t make it into the published results.). In 1986, though, President Ronald Reagan warned the nation that crack was spreading across America like “an uncontrolled fire.” Federal and state lawmakers moved swiftly to … In the novel, he claims that North America is composed of eleven distinct "nation states" all shaped by their cultural and political views towards issues such as government intervention, violence, and social tolerance. But according to author and journalist Colin Woodard, the country is neither united, nor made up of 50 states. Other more subtle assertions in American Nations are substantiated as well. But according to author and journalist Colin Woodard, the country is neither united, nor made up of 50 states. Instead, the area and adjacent portions of West Virginia are part of the Midlands-equivalent “Pennsylvania” cluster, suggesting at the very least that there was substantial intermarriage between these settlement streams. Rather, it’s built on the late cultural geographer Wilbur Zelinsky’s Doctrine of First Effective Settlement, which argues that when a “new” society is settled, the cultural characteristics of the initial settlement group will have a lasting and outsized effect on the future trajectory of that society — even if their numbers were very small and those of later immigrants of different origins were very large. The 11 Nations of America? The United States has many regions, and author Colin Woodard argues that it can be divided into 11 sub-nations. And yet the Nature study — powered by the enormous cross-referenced genomics and genealogy databases of Ancestry.com — reveals that the regional cultures have left a significant genetic imprint as well. A funny website filled with funny videos, pics, articles, and a whole bunch of other funny stuff. There was no screening by citizenship, ethnicity, race, gender, or anything else, apart from a willingness to pay for the $99 test. Crack epidemic, the significant increase in the use of crack cocaine, or crack, in the United States during the early 1980s. Note that while both Tidewater and the Deep South were slave societies — ones where slavery was the central organizing principle of the economy and social order — the cluster researchers have labeled “African-American” comprises only the Deep South. It sides with the Deep South to counter the influence of federal government. Ball, a geneticist and the chief scientific officer at Ancestry who oversees the company’s DNA work. u/plant_man. I wouldn’t have expected research based on the genetic sequence of today’s Americans to support my assertions that eastern Oklahoma and the Texas Hill Country are part of Greater Appalachia, that Michigan is part of Yankee Greater New England, that southern Louisiana and the river counties are New France, or that central Florida belongs (or at least belonged) to the Deep South, but there they are, plotted on a map created via an entirely different and unrelated methodology. “Who we are today — the genetics of Americans all over the place — is the result of all kinds of cycles of reproductive isolation and the release of that isolation,” says Catherine A. Reflecting census data, the researchers found that 19th-century immigrants — be they Amish, Mennonites, or from southern and eastern Europe, east Asia, or the Spanish Caribbean — avoided settling in the Deep South and Greater Appalachia, and several waves avoided Tidewater as well. 5 years ago. The Cracked Podcast #34 The reproductive clusters of the two halves of Appalachia have nearly identical patterns of European ancestors — both with the expected concentrations in Scotland and the north of Ireland — reflecting that they are, in reality, two branches of a single immigration wave. Which of the 11 American nations do you live in? The crack epidemic had particularly devastating effects In 2011, author Colin Woodward published a book titled, "American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America". Of all methods of trying to pigeonhole Americans into categories, this method of subdividing it into 11 countries is ridiculous. I couldn’t miss this study, because shortly after it came out, readers of my 2011 book, American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America, were stuffing my inbox and flooding my social media feeds with it. The 11 Nations of America?, Episode #34 of The Cracked Podcast on Earwolf. 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